Types of Heat Pumps

Heat pumps are an efficient and versatile solution for heating and cooling your home. They work by transferring heat from one place to another, providing comfort year-round. Understanding the different types of heat pumps available can help you choose the right system for your home. In this blog post, we’ll explore the main types of heat pumps and their benefits.


Air Source Heat Pumps (ASHP)

Air Source Heat Pumps | Nu-Heat









Description: Air Source Heat Pumps are the most common type of heat pump. They extract heat from the outside air and transfer it indoors to provide heating. In the summer, the process is reversed to cool your home.

Air source heat pumps - AJ Energy















  • Energy Efficiency: ASHPs are highly efficient and can provide up to three times more heat energy than the electrical energy they consume.
  • Ease of Installation: They are easier and less expensive to install compared to ground source heat pumps.
  • Versatility: Suitable for both heating and cooling, making them a year-round solution.

Best For:

  • Milder climates, although modern units are effective in colder temperatures too.



Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP)

Ground Source Heat Pumps — Black Isle Renewables









Description: Also known as geothermal heat pumps, Ground Source Heat Pumps extract heat from the ground. They utilize underground pipes filled with a water and antifreeze solution to absorb heat from the earth.

Ground Source Heat Pump Installers - Woking Guildford Surrey













  • High Efficiency: GSHPs are extremely efficient, as ground temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the year.
  • Long Lifespan: These systems are durable and can last up to 25 years with proper maintenance.
  • Environmental Impact: They have a lower carbon footprint compared to other heating systems.

Best For:

  • Colder climates where air source heat pumps may be less effective.
  • Homes with sufficient land for ground loop installation.


Water Source Heat Pumps

Bosch water-source heat pump | 2016-06-22 | Plumbing and Mechanical | Plumbing & Mechanical









Description: Water Source Heat Pumps use a body of water, such as a lake, river, or well, as their heat source. They operate similarly to ground source heat pumps but utilize water for heat exchange.

A typical diagram of a water source heat pump. | Download Scientific Diagram









  • Efficiency: These pumps are highly efficient due to the stable temperatures of water bodies.
  • Versatility: They can be used in a variety of settings, including residential, commercial, and industrial applications.

Best For:

  • Properties near a suitable water source.
  • Areas where geothermal or air source options are not feasible.

Choosing the right type of heat pump depends on various factors, including your local climate, home size, and specific heating and cooling needs. Each type of heat pump offers unique advantages, and understanding these can help you make an informed decision.

For more information on heat pumps and professional installation services, contact Consumers Energy today. Our experts are here to help you find the perfect heating and cooling solution for your home.